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Assessment of drug use pattern using World Health Organization prescribing indicators in a tertiary care hospital in Mangalore: A cross-sectional study

Akshitha S Ragam, Swathi Acharya, Rajendra Holla.

Abstract
Background: Irrational prescription being a global problem leading to ineffective, unsafe treatment. Aiming to measure the performance of a health-care provider in key dimension related to appropriate use of drugs, the World Health Organization (WHO) has developed set of core prescribing indicators.

Aims and Objectives: The aim of this study is to assess the drug use pattern using WHO core prescribing indicators.

Materials and Methods: This was a prospective, cross-sectional study conducted at K.S. Hegde Charitable Hospital. Around 900 prescriptions from the outpatients attending the Department of Medicine from January to March 2016 were analyzed for WHO core prescribing indicators and was compared with the standard WHO values.

Results: Polypharmacy being the common finding, the concept of generic prescribing was negligible. There was reduced prescription of drugs from the National List of Essential Medicines, but the prescription of antibiotics and injections was within normal limits.

Conclusions: There was moderate compliance with WHO prescribing indicators.

Key words: Core Prescribing Indicators; World Health Organization; National List of Essential Medicines; Antibiotics; Injections


 
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How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

Ragam AS, Acharya S, Holla R. Assessment of drug use pattern using World Health Organization prescribing indicators in a tertiary care hospital in Mangalore: A cross-sectional study. Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2017; 7(10): 1026-1030. doi:10.5455/njppp.2017.7.0413713052017


Web Style

Ragam AS, Acharya S, Holla R. Assessment of drug use pattern using World Health Organization prescribing indicators in a tertiary care hospital in Mangalore: A cross-sectional study. http://www.njppp.com/?mno=265171 [Access: December 18, 2017]. doi:10.5455/njppp.2017.7.0413713052017


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Ragam AS, Acharya S, Holla R. Assessment of drug use pattern using World Health Organization prescribing indicators in a tertiary care hospital in Mangalore: A cross-sectional study. Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2017; 7(10): 1026-1030. doi:10.5455/njppp.2017.7.0413713052017



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Ragam AS, Acharya S, Holla R. Assessment of drug use pattern using World Health Organization prescribing indicators in a tertiary care hospital in Mangalore: A cross-sectional study. Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. (2017), [cited December 18, 2017]; 7(10): 1026-1030. doi:10.5455/njppp.2017.7.0413713052017



Harvard Style

Ragam, A. S., Acharya, S. & Holla, R. (2017) Assessment of drug use pattern using World Health Organization prescribing indicators in a tertiary care hospital in Mangalore: A cross-sectional study. Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol, 7 (10), 1026-1030. doi:10.5455/njppp.2017.7.0413713052017



Turabian Style

Ragam, Akshitha S, Swathi Acharya, and Rajendra Holla. 2017. Assessment of drug use pattern using World Health Organization prescribing indicators in a tertiary care hospital in Mangalore: A cross-sectional study. National Journal of Physiology, Pharmacy and Pharmacology, 7 (10), 1026-1030. doi:10.5455/njppp.2017.7.0413713052017



Chicago Style

Ragam, Akshitha S, Swathi Acharya, and Rajendra Holla. "Assessment of drug use pattern using World Health Organization prescribing indicators in a tertiary care hospital in Mangalore: A cross-sectional study." National Journal of Physiology, Pharmacy and Pharmacology 7 (2017), 1026-1030. doi:10.5455/njppp.2017.7.0413713052017



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Ragam, Akshitha S, Swathi Acharya, and Rajendra Holla. "Assessment of drug use pattern using World Health Organization prescribing indicators in a tertiary care hospital in Mangalore: A cross-sectional study." National Journal of Physiology, Pharmacy and Pharmacology 7.10 (2017), 1026-1030. Print. doi:10.5455/njppp.2017.7.0413713052017



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Ragam, A. S., Acharya, S. & Holla, R. (2017) Assessment of drug use pattern using World Health Organization prescribing indicators in a tertiary care hospital in Mangalore: A cross-sectional study. National Journal of Physiology, Pharmacy and Pharmacology, 7 (10), 1026-1030. doi:10.5455/njppp.2017.7.0413713052017



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