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Original Research Open Access


A study on the learning styles and learning approaches among medical students

Krishnamurthy Soundariya, Velusami Deepika, Ganapathy Kalaiselvan.

Abstract
Background: Designing of active learning strategies that promote self-directed learning, has been emphasized in the directives of undergraduate medical education by the Medical Council of India. Acknowledging the diverse learning styles and learning approaches of the medical students is often an underutilized approach to improve classroom instructions.

Aims and Objectives: The present study aimed to study the percentage distribution of diverse learning styles and predominant learning approach among the medical students.

Materials and Methods: Self-administered visual, auditory, read/write, kinesthetic questionnaire and Approaches and Study Skills Inventory for Students questionnaire were distributed to 121 medical undergraduate students, to assess their learning style and learning approach, respectively.

Results: Of the total 121 students, 53.8% students were unimodal learners and 46.2% were multimodal learners. Among the unimodal learners, predominant were visual learners (24.1%). There was no significant influence of gender on the learning style preferences among the medical students. Deep approach was the predominant learning approach among the medical students. The mean scores of the strategic approach were significantly higher in females compared to the male medical students.

Conclusion: A successful learning results only when the teaching and assessment methods are in alignment with the studentís learning preferences. Students aware of their learning style and approach may be motivated to adopt techniques that best suit their learning styles and this may result in greater educational satisfaction.

Key words: Learning Style; Learning Approach; Medical Students


 
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How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

Soundariya K, Deepika V, Kalaiselvan G. A study on the learning styles and learning approaches among medical students. Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2017; 7(10): 1020-1025. doi:10.5455/njppp.2017.7.0413011052017



Web Style

Soundariya K, Deepika V, Kalaiselvan G. A study on the learning styles and learning approaches among medical students. www.scopemed.org/?mno=264674 [Access: October 19, 2017]. doi:10.5455/njppp.2017.7.0413011052017



AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Soundariya K, Deepika V, Kalaiselvan G. A study on the learning styles and learning approaches among medical students. Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2017; 7(10): 1020-1025. doi:10.5455/njppp.2017.7.0413011052017



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Soundariya K, Deepika V, Kalaiselvan G. A study on the learning styles and learning approaches among medical students. Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. (2017), [cited October 19, 2017]; 7(10): 1020-1025. doi:10.5455/njppp.2017.7.0413011052017



Harvard Style

Soundariya, K., Deepika, V. & Kalaiselvan, G. (2017) A study on the learning styles and learning approaches among medical students. Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol, 7 (10), 1020-1025. doi:10.5455/njppp.2017.7.0413011052017



Turabian Style

Soundariya, Krishnamurthy, Velusami Deepika, and Ganapathy Kalaiselvan. 2017. A study on the learning styles and learning approaches among medical students. National Journal of Physiology, Pharmacy and Pharmacology, 7 (10), 1020-1025. doi:10.5455/njppp.2017.7.0413011052017



Chicago Style

Soundariya, Krishnamurthy, Velusami Deepika, and Ganapathy Kalaiselvan. "A study on the learning styles and learning approaches among medical students." National Journal of Physiology, Pharmacy and Pharmacology 7 (2017), 1020-1025. doi:10.5455/njppp.2017.7.0413011052017



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Soundariya, Krishnamurthy, Velusami Deepika, and Ganapathy Kalaiselvan. "A study on the learning styles and learning approaches among medical students." National Journal of Physiology, Pharmacy and Pharmacology 7.10 (2017), 1020-1025. Print. doi:10.5455/njppp.2017.7.0413011052017



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Soundariya, K., Deepika, V. & Kalaiselvan, G. (2017) A study on the learning styles and learning approaches among medical students. National Journal of Physiology, Pharmacy and Pharmacology, 7 (10), 1020-1025. doi:10.5455/njppp.2017.7.0413011052017



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