E-ISSN 2231-3206 | ISSN 2320-4672
 

Original Research 


Prevalence of ocular retinal disorders in patients with diabetes mellitus in a tertiary care hospital

Vasuki G.

Abstract
Background: Diabetes mellitus is a life style disorder that requires synergistic interaction among the patient, the family and health-care team. Retinopathy is the prime cause of new-onset blindness among young adults in the working age group. Therefore, it is important to screen patients with diabetes regularly for the development of retinal disease.

Aim and Objective: Assessment of the prevalence of diabetic retinopathy (DR). To create awareness about avoidable blindness in diabetic patients and to direct the patient toward further evaluation and follow-up.

Materials and Methods: The study is a hospital-based, non-interventional, cross-sectional prospective study. The visual disorders are evaluated in 500 patients attending Ophthalmology Outpatient Department of Kanyakumari Government Medical College Hospital. Estimation of visual acuity, color vision, slit lamp examination, intraocular pressure, retinoscopy and fundus examination, visual field analysis is done to detail the defective vision.

Results: Data are analyzed using SPSS. The common pathological changes in the posterior segment causing defective vision are DR - 94 patients (18.8%), Combined retinopathy - 10 (2%). The common associated systemic disease is hypertension - 210 patients (42%).

Conclusion: DR is the most common posterior segment manifestation of diabetes mellitus. Our goal is to prevent sight-threatening retinopathy from developing. Effective control of hyperglycemia, hypertension, and yearly screening fundus examination is essential for all the patients.

Key words: Retinopathy; Risk Factors; Screening; Visual Function


 
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Pubmed Style

Vasuki G. Prevalence of ocular retinal disorders in patients with diabetes mellitus in a tertiary care hospital. Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2017; 7(7): 719-723. doi:10.5455/njppp.2017.7.0306613032017


Web Style

Vasuki G. Prevalence of ocular retinal disorders in patients with diabetes mellitus in a tertiary care hospital. http://www.njppp.com/?mno=261037 [Access: October 01, 2021]. doi:10.5455/njppp.2017.7.0306613032017


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Vasuki G. Prevalence of ocular retinal disorders in patients with diabetes mellitus in a tertiary care hospital. Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2017; 7(7): 719-723. doi:10.5455/njppp.2017.7.0306613032017



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Vasuki G. Prevalence of ocular retinal disorders in patients with diabetes mellitus in a tertiary care hospital. Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. (2017), [cited October 01, 2021]; 7(7): 719-723. doi:10.5455/njppp.2017.7.0306613032017



Harvard Style

Vasuki G (2017) Prevalence of ocular retinal disorders in patients with diabetes mellitus in a tertiary care hospital. Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol, 7 (7), 719-723. doi:10.5455/njppp.2017.7.0306613032017



Turabian Style

Vasuki G. 2017. Prevalence of ocular retinal disorders in patients with diabetes mellitus in a tertiary care hospital. National Journal of Physiology, Pharmacy and Pharmacology, 7 (7), 719-723. doi:10.5455/njppp.2017.7.0306613032017



Chicago Style

Vasuki G. "Prevalence of ocular retinal disorders in patients with diabetes mellitus in a tertiary care hospital." National Journal of Physiology, Pharmacy and Pharmacology 7 (2017), 719-723. doi:10.5455/njppp.2017.7.0306613032017



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Vasuki G. "Prevalence of ocular retinal disorders in patients with diabetes mellitus in a tertiary care hospital." National Journal of Physiology, Pharmacy and Pharmacology 7.7 (2017), 719-723. Print. doi:10.5455/njppp.2017.7.0306613032017



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Vasuki G (2017) Prevalence of ocular retinal disorders in patients with diabetes mellitus in a tertiary care hospital. National Journal of Physiology, Pharmacy and Pharmacology, 7 (7), 719-723. doi:10.5455/njppp.2017.7.0306613032017