E-ISSN 2231-3206 | ISSN 2320-4672
 

Original Research 


Effect of Ramadan fasting on anthropometric parameters, blood Pressure, creatine phosphokinase activity, serum calcium and phosphorus in healthy students of Shri Ram Murti smarak institute of medical sciences, Bareilly-UP

Kauser Sayedda, Shaheena Kamal, Quazi Shahir Ahmed.

Cited by (3)

Abstract
Background: Ramadan is the holiest month in the Islamic calendar. Ramadan is 28-30 days fast in which food, liquids and smoking during the day light hours is prohibited. This custom provides a unique opportunity to study the biochemical changes over this time.

Objective: To explore any favourable and unfavourable consequences of Ramadan fasting.

Materials and Methods: The study was performed on twenty healthy male students of Shri Ram Murti Smarak Institute of Medical Sciences, Bareilly, in the month of Ramadan (July-Aug, 2012). Body weight, waist circumference, blood pressure was monitored three times: one week before the beginning of Ramadan, mid of Ramadan (15th day) and at the end (29th day). Blood samples were also taken at the same times and evaluated for serum creatine phosphokinase (CPK) activity, calcium and phosphorus.

Results: Body weight and waist circumference was found to be significantly (p<0.0001) decreased. Mean blood pressure was decreased significantly (p<0.0001) in the initial half of Ramadan but it approached pre Ramadan values at the end of the month. CPK activity was reduced significantly (p<0.0001) at the mid and end of Ramadan as compared to pre Ramadan values. Serum calcium levels came out to be decreased significantly (p<0.0001) at the mid but at the end it resumed normal values. There was no significant effect on phosphorus level throughout the month.

Conclusion: Ramadan fasting has beneficial influences on the anthropometric parameters especially it is a blessing for overweight or obese persons. Our findings contribute to a better understanding of previous reports.

Key words: Ramadan Fasting; Waist Circumference; Blood Pressure; Creatine Phosphokinase; Serum Calcium; Serum Phosphorus


 
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How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

Sayedda K, Kamal S, Ahmed QS. Effect of Ramadan fasting on anthropometric parameters, blood Pressure, creatine phosphokinase activity, serum calcium and phosphorus in healthy students of Shri Ram Murti smarak institute of medical sciences, Bareilly-UP. Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2013; 3(1): 48-52. doi:10.5455/njppp.2013.3.48-52


Web Style

Sayedda K, Kamal S, Ahmed QS. Effect of Ramadan fasting on anthropometric parameters, blood Pressure, creatine phosphokinase activity, serum calcium and phosphorus in healthy students of Shri Ram Murti smarak institute of medical sciences, Bareilly-UP. http://www.njppp.com/?mno=25896 [Access: June 24, 2018]. doi:10.5455/njppp.2013.3.48-52


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Sayedda K, Kamal S, Ahmed QS. Effect of Ramadan fasting on anthropometric parameters, blood Pressure, creatine phosphokinase activity, serum calcium and phosphorus in healthy students of Shri Ram Murti smarak institute of medical sciences, Bareilly-UP. Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2013; 3(1): 48-52. doi:10.5455/njppp.2013.3.48-52



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Sayedda K, Kamal S, Ahmed QS. Effect of Ramadan fasting on anthropometric parameters, blood Pressure, creatine phosphokinase activity, serum calcium and phosphorus in healthy students of Shri Ram Murti smarak institute of medical sciences, Bareilly-UP. Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. (2013), [cited June 24, 2018]; 3(1): 48-52. doi:10.5455/njppp.2013.3.48-52



Harvard Style

Sayedda, K., Kamal, S. & Ahmed, Q. S. (2013) Effect of Ramadan fasting on anthropometric parameters, blood Pressure, creatine phosphokinase activity, serum calcium and phosphorus in healthy students of Shri Ram Murti smarak institute of medical sciences, Bareilly-UP. Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol, 3 (1), 48-52. doi:10.5455/njppp.2013.3.48-52



Turabian Style

Sayedda, Kauser, Shaheena Kamal, and Quazi Shahir Ahmed. 2013. Effect of Ramadan fasting on anthropometric parameters, blood Pressure, creatine phosphokinase activity, serum calcium and phosphorus in healthy students of Shri Ram Murti smarak institute of medical sciences, Bareilly-UP. National Journal of Physiology, Pharmacy and Pharmacology, 3 (1), 48-52. doi:10.5455/njppp.2013.3.48-52



Chicago Style

Sayedda, Kauser, Shaheena Kamal, and Quazi Shahir Ahmed. "Effect of Ramadan fasting on anthropometric parameters, blood Pressure, creatine phosphokinase activity, serum calcium and phosphorus in healthy students of Shri Ram Murti smarak institute of medical sciences, Bareilly-UP." National Journal of Physiology, Pharmacy and Pharmacology 3 (2013), 48-52. doi:10.5455/njppp.2013.3.48-52



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Sayedda, Kauser, Shaheena Kamal, and Quazi Shahir Ahmed. "Effect of Ramadan fasting on anthropometric parameters, blood Pressure, creatine phosphokinase activity, serum calcium and phosphorus in healthy students of Shri Ram Murti smarak institute of medical sciences, Bareilly-UP." National Journal of Physiology, Pharmacy and Pharmacology 3.1 (2013), 48-52. Print. doi:10.5455/njppp.2013.3.48-52



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Sayedda, K., Kamal, S. & Ahmed, Q. S. (2013) Effect of Ramadan fasting on anthropometric parameters, blood Pressure, creatine phosphokinase activity, serum calcium and phosphorus in healthy students of Shri Ram Murti smarak institute of medical sciences, Bareilly-UP. National Journal of Physiology, Pharmacy and Pharmacology, 3 (1), 48-52. doi:10.5455/njppp.2013.3.48-52





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