E-ISSN 2231-3206 | ISSN 2320-4672
 

Original Research 


Associations of vitamin D with metabolic syndrome components in Indian urban middle-aged women

Pranita Ashok, Bhawani Balsubramanian, Sadhana Joshi, Jayashree S Kharche, Sunita M Vaidya.

Abstract
Background: The prevalence of metabolic syndrome is increasing in developing countries and the prevalence is reported to be higher in Indian urban women and vitamin D deficiency is documented as a common health problem. However, little is known regarding whether vitamin D deficiency plays an important role in the heightened prevalence of metabolic syndrome.

Aims and Objectives: This study was planned to assess the levels of vitamin D and their association with components of metabolic syndrome in middle-aged women.

Materials and Methods: A total of 300 women volunteers who were in the age group of 35-64 years were included in the study. We used the criteria of metabolic syndrome defined by A joint interim statement of the International Diabetes Federation task force. Plasma levels of 25-hydroxyvitamin D [25(OH)D] was assessed by chemiluminescence method. Pearsonís correlation was used for associations.

Results: Vitamin D levels are significantly lower in women with metabolic syndrome. Waist circumference (WC), systolic blood pressure (BP), and triglyceride concentrations were inversely associated with vitamin D concentrations. 84% are with deficient levels of vitamin D.

Conclusion: Vitamin D deficiency was found to be common in Indian women. Elevated WC, BP, and triglycerides were found to inversely associate with low serum levels of 25(OH)D. Improving vitamin D status would be useful in improving the health in middle-aged urban women.

Key words: Vitamin D; Metabolic Syndrome; Middle-aged Women


 
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Pubmed Style

Ashok P, Balsubramanian B, Joshi S, Kharche JS, Vaidya SM. Associations of vitamin D with metabolic syndrome components in Indian urban middle-aged women. Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2017; 7(5): 497-500. doi:10.5455/njppp.2017.7.0100814012017


Web Style

Ashok P, Balsubramanian B, Joshi S, Kharche JS, Vaidya SM. Associations of vitamin D with metabolic syndrome components in Indian urban middle-aged women. http://www.njppp.com/?mno=255500 [Access: May 24, 2018]. doi:10.5455/njppp.2017.7.0100814012017


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Ashok P, Balsubramanian B, Joshi S, Kharche JS, Vaidya SM. Associations of vitamin D with metabolic syndrome components in Indian urban middle-aged women. Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2017; 7(5): 497-500. doi:10.5455/njppp.2017.7.0100814012017



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Ashok P, Balsubramanian B, Joshi S, Kharche JS, Vaidya SM. Associations of vitamin D with metabolic syndrome components in Indian urban middle-aged women. Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. (2017), [cited May 24, 2018]; 7(5): 497-500. doi:10.5455/njppp.2017.7.0100814012017



Harvard Style

Ashok, P., Balsubramanian, B., Joshi, S., Kharche, J. S. & Vaidya, S. M. (2017) Associations of vitamin D with metabolic syndrome components in Indian urban middle-aged women. Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol, 7 (5), 497-500. doi:10.5455/njppp.2017.7.0100814012017



Turabian Style

Ashok, Pranita, Bhawani Balsubramanian, Sadhana Joshi, Jayashree S Kharche, and Sunita M Vaidya. 2017. Associations of vitamin D with metabolic syndrome components in Indian urban middle-aged women. National Journal of Physiology, Pharmacy and Pharmacology, 7 (5), 497-500. doi:10.5455/njppp.2017.7.0100814012017



Chicago Style

Ashok, Pranita, Bhawani Balsubramanian, Sadhana Joshi, Jayashree S Kharche, and Sunita M Vaidya. "Associations of vitamin D with metabolic syndrome components in Indian urban middle-aged women." National Journal of Physiology, Pharmacy and Pharmacology 7 (2017), 497-500. doi:10.5455/njppp.2017.7.0100814012017



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Ashok, Pranita, Bhawani Balsubramanian, Sadhana Joshi, Jayashree S Kharche, and Sunita M Vaidya. "Associations of vitamin D with metabolic syndrome components in Indian urban middle-aged women." National Journal of Physiology, Pharmacy and Pharmacology 7.5 (2017), 497-500. Print. doi:10.5455/njppp.2017.7.0100814012017



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Ashok, P., Balsubramanian, B., Joshi, S., Kharche, J. S. & Vaidya, S. M. (2017) Associations of vitamin D with metabolic syndrome components in Indian urban middle-aged women. National Journal of Physiology, Pharmacy and Pharmacology, 7 (5), 497-500. doi:10.5455/njppp.2017.7.0100814012017





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