E-ISSN 2231-3206 | ISSN 2320-4672
 

Original Research 


Comparative study of analgesic activity of Lagenaria siceraria root extract with pentazocine in albino mice

Kunjumon Dayana, Megaravalli R Manasa.

Abstract
Background: Medicinal plants have been the source of innumerable drugs. Opioids derived from plants are commonly used analgesics. However, they are associated with side effects ranging from vomiting, constipation to tolerance, and dependence. Hence, the search for safe and efficacious analgesic is on-going.

Aims and Objectives: The aim of the study was to assess the analgesic potential of the ethanolic extract of L. siceraria roots (EELSR) in albino mice by radiant heat method and to compare it with pentazocine.

Materials and Methods: Albino mice were divided into four groups randomly. Group 1 was given saline (0.1 mg/kg) orally (control). Group 2 was injected pentazocine 4 mg/kg (standard) intraperitoneally. Groups 3 and 4 were test groups and were administered EELSR 100 mg/kg BW and 200 mg/kg BW orally, respectively. Radiant heat method was used to screen for analgesic potential.

Results: Our study demonstrated the steady increase in reaction time in the test groups which received EELSR at both the doses. Maximum analgesic activity was observed at 60 min. EELSR has good analgesic activity in comparison with control. However, pentazocine has significantly better activity than EELSR at both the doses. EELSR at 200 mg/kg BW has comparable analgesic activity to pentazocine only at 15 min.

Conclusion: The EELSR has analgesic potential, but pentazocine is more potent analgesic than EELSR.

Key words: Lagenaria siceraria; Mice; Radiant Heat; Pentazocine; Analgesic


 
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How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

Dayana K, Manasa MR. Comparative study of analgesic activity of Lagenaria siceraria root extract with pentazocine in albino mice. Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2019; 9(3): 231-234. doi:10.5455/njppp.2019.9.0100912012019


Web Style

Dayana K, Manasa MR. Comparative study of analgesic activity of Lagenaria siceraria root extract with pentazocine in albino mice. http://www.njppp.com/?mno=25267 [Access: February 15, 2020]. doi:10.5455/njppp.2019.9.0100912012019


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Dayana K, Manasa MR. Comparative study of analgesic activity of Lagenaria siceraria root extract with pentazocine in albino mice. Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2019; 9(3): 231-234. doi:10.5455/njppp.2019.9.0100912012019



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Dayana K, Manasa MR. Comparative study of analgesic activity of Lagenaria siceraria root extract with pentazocine in albino mice. Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. (2019), [cited February 15, 2020]; 9(3): 231-234. doi:10.5455/njppp.2019.9.0100912012019



Harvard Style

Dayana, K. & Manasa, . M. R. (2019) Comparative study of analgesic activity of Lagenaria siceraria root extract with pentazocine in albino mice. Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol, 9 (3), 231-234. doi:10.5455/njppp.2019.9.0100912012019



Turabian Style

Dayana, Kunjumon, and Megaravalli R Manasa. 2019. Comparative study of analgesic activity of Lagenaria siceraria root extract with pentazocine in albino mice. National Journal of Physiology, Pharmacy and Pharmacology, 9 (3), 231-234. doi:10.5455/njppp.2019.9.0100912012019



Chicago Style

Dayana, Kunjumon, and Megaravalli R Manasa. "Comparative study of analgesic activity of Lagenaria siceraria root extract with pentazocine in albino mice." National Journal of Physiology, Pharmacy and Pharmacology 9 (2019), 231-234. doi:10.5455/njppp.2019.9.0100912012019



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Dayana, Kunjumon, and Megaravalli R Manasa. "Comparative study of analgesic activity of Lagenaria siceraria root extract with pentazocine in albino mice." National Journal of Physiology, Pharmacy and Pharmacology 9.3 (2019), 231-234. Print. doi:10.5455/njppp.2019.9.0100912012019



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Dayana, K. & Manasa, . M. R. (2019) Comparative study of analgesic activity of Lagenaria siceraria root extract with pentazocine in albino mice. National Journal of Physiology, Pharmacy and Pharmacology, 9 (3), 231-234. doi:10.5455/njppp.2019.9.0100912012019





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