E-ISSN 2231-3206 | ISSN 2320-4672
 

Original Research 


Self-medication practice of antihistaminics H1 blocker among undergraduate medical students in a tertiary care hospital

Meenakshi Jindal, Rajeev Kumar Sharma, Suman Lata, Bhawana Sharma.

Abstract
Background: Self-medication is a widely prevalent practice in India. It assumes a special significance among medical students as they are the future medical practitioners and differ from general population as they are exposed to the knowledge about drug and diseases. Self-medication is very common among the medical students, and from previous studies, it was seen that antihistaminic was commonly taken as self-medication.

Aims and Objective: The aim of the study is to assess the knowledge, attitude, and practice of self-medication among undergraduate medical students toward antihistaminics.

Materials and Methods: A cross-sectional, questionnaire-based study was conducted among the 300 undergraduate medical students of 2nd and 3rd year from July to December 2018 after taking the approval from the Institutional Ethical Committee.

Results: It was found that 200 (90%) respondents practiced self-medication. Most common conditions for taking antihistaminic self-medication were allergic rhinitis (39%), sinusitis (34%), motion sickness (7%), urticaria (14%), and insect bite (6%). Most common reasons for seeking self-medication were mild illness (50%), time-saving (33%), cost-effectiveness (11%), and urgency (6%). Commonly used H1 antihistaminics were cetirizine, levocetirizine, fexofenadine, loratadine, hydroxyzine, and promethazine; main source of their knowledge was from their medical textbooks (50%), internet (30%), and parents and friends (20%). Most of the students reported that antihistaminics were safe drug, the only side effects that they reported were sedation, drowsiness, and lack of concentration, and second-generation antihistaminics were costly.

Conclusion: Undergraduate medical students commonly use antihistaminic as self-medication because they are having easy access to knowledge related to the antihistaminics and their adverse effect. We as a faculty should ensure that students practice self-medication only when he/she knows the advantages and disadvantages of self-medication.

Key words: Antihistaminics; Medical Students; Questionnaire; Self-medication


 
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Pubmed Style

Jindal M, Sharma RK, Lata S, Sharma B. Self-medication practice of antihistaminics H1 blocker among undergraduate medical students in a tertiary care hospital. Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2019; 9(3): 227-230. doi:10.5455/njppp.2019.9.1237912012019


Web Style

Jindal M, Sharma RK, Lata S, Sharma B. Self-medication practice of antihistaminics H1 blocker among undergraduate medical students in a tertiary care hospital. http://www.njppp.com/?mno=23272 [Access: March 25, 2019]. doi:10.5455/njppp.2019.9.1237912012019


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Jindal M, Sharma RK, Lata S, Sharma B. Self-medication practice of antihistaminics H1 blocker among undergraduate medical students in a tertiary care hospital. Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2019; 9(3): 227-230. doi:10.5455/njppp.2019.9.1237912012019



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Jindal M, Sharma RK, Lata S, Sharma B. Self-medication practice of antihistaminics H1 blocker among undergraduate medical students in a tertiary care hospital. Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. (2019), [cited March 25, 2019]; 9(3): 227-230. doi:10.5455/njppp.2019.9.1237912012019



Harvard Style

Jindal, M., Sharma, . R. K., Lata, . S. & Sharma, . B. (2019) Self-medication practice of antihistaminics H1 blocker among undergraduate medical students in a tertiary care hospital. Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol, 9 (3), 227-230. doi:10.5455/njppp.2019.9.1237912012019



Turabian Style

Jindal, Meenakshi, Rajeev Kumar Sharma, Suman Lata, and Bhawana Sharma. 2019. Self-medication practice of antihistaminics H1 blocker among undergraduate medical students in a tertiary care hospital. National Journal of Physiology, Pharmacy and Pharmacology, 9 (3), 227-230. doi:10.5455/njppp.2019.9.1237912012019



Chicago Style

Jindal, Meenakshi, Rajeev Kumar Sharma, Suman Lata, and Bhawana Sharma. "Self-medication practice of antihistaminics H1 blocker among undergraduate medical students in a tertiary care hospital." National Journal of Physiology, Pharmacy and Pharmacology 9 (2019), 227-230. doi:10.5455/njppp.2019.9.1237912012019



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Jindal, Meenakshi, Rajeev Kumar Sharma, Suman Lata, and Bhawana Sharma. "Self-medication practice of antihistaminics H1 blocker among undergraduate medical students in a tertiary care hospital." National Journal of Physiology, Pharmacy and Pharmacology 9.3 (2019), 227-230. Print. doi:10.5455/njppp.2019.9.1237912012019



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Jindal, M., Sharma, . R. K., Lata, . S. & Sharma, . B. (2019) Self-medication practice of antihistaminics H1 blocker among undergraduate medical students in a tertiary care hospital. National Journal of Physiology, Pharmacy and Pharmacology, 9 (3), 227-230. doi:10.5455/njppp.2019.9.1237912012019





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