E-ISSN 2231-3206 | ISSN 2320-4672
 

Original Research 


Effect of smoking and pack-years on respiratory system

Arunima Deep, Hari Mohan Prasad Sinha, Ankita Juyal.

Abstract
Background: Smokers develop chronic obstructive pulmonary disease and are the fourth most common cause of death worldwide.

Aims and Objectives: This study aims to assess the effect of smoking on respiratory system with the help of following parameters, namely, peak expiratory flow rate (PEFR) and respiratory rate and comparing with the age, sex, and body mass index-matched non-smokers (control group) and to correlate the number of pack-years of smoking and age with PEFR.

Materials and Methods: The study was conducted at Santosh Medical College over a period of 2 years. Smokers in the age group of 2065 years were selected and their consent was taken for participating in the present study.

Results: The mean PEFR among the smokers was 365.8 L/s with standard deviation of 98.39 and standard error of mean 13.915 while the mean PEFR among non-smokers was found to be 388.5 L/s with standard deviation of 113.03 and standard error of mean 15.986.

Conclusion: It was clear from the present study that pulmonary function tests like PEFR are deranged in the smokers than the non-smokers.

Key words: Smoking; Pack-Years; Respiratory System


 
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How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

Deep A, Sinha HMP, Juyal A. Effect of smoking and pack-years on respiratory system. Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2021; 11(2): 183-186. doi:10.5455/njppp.2021.11.10287202001112020


Web Style

Deep A, Sinha HMP, Juyal A. Effect of smoking and pack-years on respiratory system. http://www.njppp.com/?mno=20509 [Access: March 01, 2021]. doi:10.5455/njppp.2021.11.10287202001112020


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Deep A, Sinha HMP, Juyal A. Effect of smoking and pack-years on respiratory system. Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2021; 11(2): 183-186. doi:10.5455/njppp.2021.11.10287202001112020



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Deep A, Sinha HMP, Juyal A. Effect of smoking and pack-years on respiratory system. Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. (2021), [cited March 01, 2021]; 11(2): 183-186. doi:10.5455/njppp.2021.11.10287202001112020



Harvard Style

Deep, A., Sinha, . H. M. P. & Juyal, . A. (2021) Effect of smoking and pack-years on respiratory system. Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol, 11 (2), 183-186. doi:10.5455/njppp.2021.11.10287202001112020



Turabian Style

Deep, Arunima, Hari Mohan Prasad Sinha, and Ankita Juyal. 2021. Effect of smoking and pack-years on respiratory system. National Journal of Physiology, Pharmacy and Pharmacology, 11 (2), 183-186. doi:10.5455/njppp.2021.11.10287202001112020



Chicago Style

Deep, Arunima, Hari Mohan Prasad Sinha, and Ankita Juyal. "Effect of smoking and pack-years on respiratory system." National Journal of Physiology, Pharmacy and Pharmacology 11 (2021), 183-186. doi:10.5455/njppp.2021.11.10287202001112020



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Deep, Arunima, Hari Mohan Prasad Sinha, and Ankita Juyal. "Effect of smoking and pack-years on respiratory system." National Journal of Physiology, Pharmacy and Pharmacology 11.2 (2021), 183-186. Print. doi:10.5455/njppp.2021.11.10287202001112020



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Deep, A., Sinha, . H. M. P. & Juyal, . A. (2021) Effect of smoking and pack-years on respiratory system. National Journal of Physiology, Pharmacy and Pharmacology, 11 (2), 183-186. doi:10.5455/njppp.2021.11.10287202001112020