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Antidiabetic and antihypercholesterolemic activities of Citrus sinensis peel: in vivo study

Muhtadi, Haryoto, Tanti Azizah, Andi Suhendi, Khong Heng Yen.

Cited by (3)

Abstract
Background: Fruit peels are still regarded as useless materials and wastes; however, the chemical content in these fruit peels have pharmacological activities.

Aims and Objective: To determine the in vivo antidiabetic and antihypercholesterolemic activities of sweet orange fruit peels extract.

Materials and Methods: The study was conducted based on pre- and posttesting groups design with control. Twenty-five rats were divided into five groups—group I, negative control (0.5% CMC-Na); group II, positive control (glibenclamide and simvastatin); groups III, IV, and V were given sweet orange peel extract doses of 125, 250, and 500 mg/kg body weight (BW), respectively. For the antidiabetic study, the rats were induced by alloxan monohydrate (150 mg/kg BW intraperitoneally), and the blood glucose levels 4 days later were ± 200 mg/dL, which is a diabetic condition. Meanwhile, a hypercholesterolemic study was carried out by providing by a high-fat feed and feed high-fat diet to achieve blood cholesterol levels at values > 130 mg/dL.

Result: The study showed that the sweet orange peel extract of these doses could reduce blood glucose levels with decreasing values of 39.24% ± 4.96%, 46.18% ± 6.60%, and 61.36% ± 5.57% in groups III–V, respectively. The most interesting feature was the activity of extracts in lowering blood cholesterol levels, which was almost similar, with the value around 55%, and this activity was higher than cholesteramine (800 mg/kg BW), for which the value was 34.20% ± 10.48%.

Conclusion: The extract of Citrus sinensis peels with dose of 500 mg/kg BW showed the highest antidiabetic and antihypercholesterolemic activities in rats models.

Key words: Citrus sinensis; antidiabetic; antihypercholesterolemic; in vivo


 
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This Article Cited By the following articles

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How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

Muhtadi, Haryoto, Tanti Azizah, Andi Suhendi, Khong Heng Yen. Antidiabetic and antihypercholesterolemic activities of Citrus sinensis peel: in vivo study. Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2015; 5(5): 382-385. doi:10.5455/njppp.2015.5.2807201561


Web Style

Muhtadi, Haryoto, Tanti Azizah, Andi Suhendi, Khong Heng Yen. Antidiabetic and antihypercholesterolemic activities of Citrus sinensis peel: in vivo study. http://www.njppp.com/?mno=197603 [Access: November 21, 2018]. doi:10.5455/njppp.2015.5.2807201561


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Muhtadi, Haryoto, Tanti Azizah, Andi Suhendi, Khong Heng Yen. Antidiabetic and antihypercholesterolemic activities of Citrus sinensis peel: in vivo study. Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2015; 5(5): 382-385. doi:10.5455/njppp.2015.5.2807201561



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Muhtadi, Haryoto, Tanti Azizah, Andi Suhendi, Khong Heng Yen. Antidiabetic and antihypercholesterolemic activities of Citrus sinensis peel: in vivo study. Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. (2015), [cited November 21, 2018]; 5(5): 382-385. doi:10.5455/njppp.2015.5.2807201561



Harvard Style

Muhtadi, Haryoto, Tanti Azizah, Andi Suhendi, Khong Heng Yen (2015) Antidiabetic and antihypercholesterolemic activities of Citrus sinensis peel: in vivo study. Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol, 5 (5), 382-385. doi:10.5455/njppp.2015.5.2807201561



Turabian Style

Muhtadi, Haryoto, Tanti Azizah, Andi Suhendi, Khong Heng Yen. 2015. Antidiabetic and antihypercholesterolemic activities of Citrus sinensis peel: in vivo study. National Journal of Physiology, Pharmacy and Pharmacology, 5 (5), 382-385. doi:10.5455/njppp.2015.5.2807201561



Chicago Style

Muhtadi, Haryoto, Tanti Azizah, Andi Suhendi, Khong Heng Yen. "Antidiabetic and antihypercholesterolemic activities of Citrus sinensis peel: in vivo study." National Journal of Physiology, Pharmacy and Pharmacology 5 (2015), 382-385. doi:10.5455/njppp.2015.5.2807201561



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Muhtadi, Haryoto, Tanti Azizah, Andi Suhendi, Khong Heng Yen. "Antidiabetic and antihypercholesterolemic activities of Citrus sinensis peel: in vivo study." National Journal of Physiology, Pharmacy and Pharmacology 5.5 (2015), 382-385. Print. doi:10.5455/njppp.2015.5.2807201561



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Muhtadi, Haryoto, Tanti Azizah, Andi Suhendi, Khong Heng Yen (2015) Antidiabetic and antihypercholesterolemic activities of Citrus sinensis peel: in vivo study. National Journal of Physiology, Pharmacy and Pharmacology, 5 (5), 382-385. doi:10.5455/njppp.2015.5.2807201561





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