E-ISSN 2231-3206 | ISSN 2320-4672
 

Original Research 


Prevalence of anemia among 1st year MBBS students

Kanchana R, Pushpa K.

Abstract
Background: Nutritional anemia is the most common type of anemia in the world. Iron deficiency anemia is very common in India. Medical students may to suffer from anemia due to irregular eating habits due to the hectic study schedule. They also come from the different socioeconomic background.

Aim and Objectives: The aim of the study was (1) to find out the presence or absence of anemia among male and female students of 1st year MBBS; (2) to determine the degree of anemia among male and female students; and (3) to study the presence of anemia among students of different nutritional status.

Materials and Methods: A cross-sectional study was carried out among 150 1st year medical students aged between 18 and 25 years from October 1 to November 30 2013. Ethical approval was obtained from the ethical committee of the institution. The data were collected using case record form including general information, sign and symptoms of anemia, dietary habits, body mass index, general, and systemic examination. Hemoglobin was estimated by Sahli’s method. ESR was estimated by Westergren’s method. Red blood cell (RBC) count and blood indices, namely mean corpuscular volume, mean corpuscular hemoglobin (MCH), and MCH concentration were also determined. All investigations were carried out at central lab Sree Balaji Medical College and Hospital, Chennai.

Results: Hemoglobin was significantly decreased in males compared to females thus showing a greater prevalence of anemia among males compared to females. Furthermore, the presence of anemia was more among overweight students compared to those underweight. There may be a correlation between hemoglobin, ESR, RBC count, and blood indices indicating the presence or absence of anemia.

Conclusion: There is a need for increased awareness among students on adopting healthy eating habits. Deworming also has to be carried out to prevent the occurrence of iron deficiency anemia. Treatment of anemia could significantly improve memory and academic performance of students.

Key words: Anemia; Hemoglobin; Medical Students; Prevalence


 
ARTICLE TOOLS
Abstract
PDF Fulltext
Print this article Print this Article
How to cite this articleHow to cite this article
Citation Tools
Related Records
 Articles by Kanchana R
Articles by Pushpa K
on Google
on Google Scholar
Article Statistics
 Viewed: 813
Downloaded: 222
Cited: 0

How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

R K, K P. Prevalence of anemia among 1st year MBBS students. Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2019; 9(1): 74-77. doi:10.5455/njppp.2019.9.1133312112018


Web Style

R K, K P. Prevalence of anemia among 1st year MBBS students. http://www.njppp.com/?mno=15954 [Access: March 25, 2019]. doi:10.5455/njppp.2019.9.1133312112018


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

R K, K P. Prevalence of anemia among 1st year MBBS students. Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2019; 9(1): 74-77. doi:10.5455/njppp.2019.9.1133312112018



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

R K, K P. Prevalence of anemia among 1st year MBBS students. Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. (2019), [cited March 25, 2019]; 9(1): 74-77. doi:10.5455/njppp.2019.9.1133312112018



Harvard Style

R, K. & K, . P. (2019) Prevalence of anemia among 1st year MBBS students. Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol, 9 (1), 74-77. doi:10.5455/njppp.2019.9.1133312112018



Turabian Style

R, Kanchana, and Pushpa K. 2019. Prevalence of anemia among 1st year MBBS students. National Journal of Physiology, Pharmacy and Pharmacology, 9 (1), 74-77. doi:10.5455/njppp.2019.9.1133312112018



Chicago Style

R, Kanchana, and Pushpa K. "Prevalence of anemia among 1st year MBBS students." National Journal of Physiology, Pharmacy and Pharmacology 9 (2019), 74-77. doi:10.5455/njppp.2019.9.1133312112018



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

R, Kanchana, and Pushpa K. "Prevalence of anemia among 1st year MBBS students." National Journal of Physiology, Pharmacy and Pharmacology 9.1 (2019), 74-77. Print. doi:10.5455/njppp.2019.9.1133312112018



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

R, K. & K, . P. (2019) Prevalence of anemia among 1st year MBBS students. National Journal of Physiology, Pharmacy and Pharmacology, 9 (1), 74-77. doi:10.5455/njppp.2019.9.1133312112018





Most Viewed Articles
  • Applications of computer science in Pharmacy: An overview
    Shivraj Popat Jadhav, Komal Nikam, Anand Gandhi, Kishor Salunkhe, Narendra Shinde.
    Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2012; 2(1): 1-9
    » Abstract

  • How to calculate sample size in animal studies?
    Hitesh Shah
    Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2011; 1(1): 35-39
    » Abstract

  • Chlorhexidine:The gold standard in chemical plaque control [English]
    Setu mathur, Tanu mathur,Rahul shrivastava, Rohit khatri
    Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2011; 1(2): 45-50
    » Abstract

  • Assessment of Nutritional Status of Pregnant Women Attending the City Tebessa PMI (Algeria) [English]
    Taleb Salima, Kaibi Mounira, Deghboudj Nadjia
    Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2011; 1(2): 97-105
    » Abstract

  • Difference in pulmonary function test among the athletic and sedentary population
    ShobhaRani Vedala, Niranjan Paul, Abhay B Mane
    Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2013; 3(2): 118-123
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/njppp.2013.3.109-114

  • Analyzing Pharmaceutical Industry [English]
    Veselin Tima Dickov, Dragan Mitrovic, Boris Milan Kuzman
    Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2011; 1(1): 1-8
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/njppp.2011.1.1-8

  • Antidiabetic activity of alcoholic extract of Neem (Azadirachta Indica) root bark
    Prabhakar Patil, Sudha Patil, Abhay Mane, Sushilkumar Verma
    Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2013; 3(2): 142-146
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/njppp.2013.3.134-138

  • Second MBBS medical student’s feedback on teaching methodology and evaluation methods in Pharmacology
    Nilesh Chavda, Preeti Yadav, Jay Karan, N. D. Kantharia
    Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2011; 1(1): 23-31
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/njppp.2011.1.23-31

  • Prophylaxis and Treatment for Leptospirosis: Where are the Evidences?
    Jaykaran Charan, Deepak Saxena, Summaiya Mulla
    Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2012; 2(2): 78-83
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/njppp.2012.2.78-83

  • How to write a thesis? [English]
    Swapnil s Agarwal, Preeti Yadav, Krishnadutt Chavali, Lavlesh Kumar
    Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2011; 1(2): 86-90
    » Abstract

  • Most Downloaded
  • How to calculate sample size in animal studies?
    Hitesh Shah
    Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2011; 1(1): 35-39
    » Abstract

  • Applications of computer science in Pharmacy: An overview
    Shivraj Popat Jadhav, Komal Nikam, Anand Gandhi, Kishor Salunkhe, Narendra Shinde.
    Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2012; 2(1): 1-9
    » Abstract

  • Chlorhexidine:The gold standard in chemical plaque control [English]
    Setu mathur, Tanu mathur,Rahul shrivastava, Rohit khatri
    Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2011; 1(2): 45-50
    » Abstract

  • Difference in pulmonary function test among the athletic and sedentary population
    ShobhaRani Vedala, Niranjan Paul, Abhay B Mane
    Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2013; 3(2): 118-123
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/njppp.2013.3.109-114

  • Analyzing Pharmaceutical Industry [English]
    Veselin Tima Dickov, Dragan Mitrovic, Boris Milan Kuzman
    Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2011; 1(1): 1-8
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/njppp.2011.1.1-8

  • Assessment of Nutritional Status of Pregnant Women Attending the City Tebessa PMI (Algeria) [English]
    Taleb Salima, Kaibi Mounira, Deghboudj Nadjia
    Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2011; 1(2): 97-105
    » Abstract

  • Effectiveness of “case-based learning” in physiology
    Amruta S Bennal, Manohar Y Pattar, Raju H Taklikar
    Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2016; 6(1): 65-67
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/njppp.2015.5.1810201583

  • Antidiabetic activity of alcoholic extract of Neem (Azadirachta Indica) root bark
    Prabhakar Patil, Sudha Patil, Abhay Mane, Sushilkumar Verma
    Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2013; 3(2): 142-146
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/njppp.2013.3.134-138

  • Prophylaxis and Treatment for Leptospirosis: Where are the Evidences?
    Jaykaran Charan, Deepak Saxena, Summaiya Mulla
    Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2012; 2(2): 78-83
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/njppp.2012.2.78-83

  • Second MBBS medical student’s feedback on teaching methodology and evaluation methods in Pharmacology
    Nilesh Chavda, Preeti Yadav, Jay Karan, N. D. Kantharia
    Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2011; 1(1): 23-31
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/njppp.2011.1.23-31

  • Most Cited Articles
  • Quercetin improved spatial memory dysfunctions in rat model of intracerebroventricular streptozotocin-induced sporadic Alzheimer’s disease
    Manouchehr Ashrafpour, Sahar Parsaei, Hamid Sepehri
    Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2015; 5(5): 411-415
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/njppp.2015.5.2308201563
    Cited : 10 times [Click to see citing articles]

  • A study of oxidative stress in gentamicin induced nephrotoxicity and effect of antioxidant vitamin C in Wistar rats.
    Chetankumar R. Acharya, Hetal N. Thakar, S. K. Vajpeyee
    Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2013; 3(1): 14-20
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/njppp.2013.3.14-20
    Cited : 9 times [Click to see citing articles]

  • Time domain measures of heart rate variability during acute mental stress in Type 2 diabetics- A case control study
    Anupama Deepak, Deepak A N, Shobha Nallulwar, Vitthal Khode
    Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2014; 4(1): 34-38
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/njppp.2014.4.080720131
    Cited : 6 times [Click to see citing articles]

  • A pilot study to evaluate the effect of HAART on gonadal dysfunction in male HIV patients
    Abhishek Pathak, Lalit Prashant Meena, Jaya Chakravarty, Madhukar Rai, Shyam Sundar
    Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2015; 5(1): 33-35
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/njppp.2015.5.120720142
    Cited : 6 times [Click to see citing articles]

  • Promoting active learning in respiratory physiology – Positive student perception and improved outcomes
    Richa Thaman, Sukhjinder Dhillon, Sanjeev Saggar, Meenakshi Gupta, Harkirat Kaur
    Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2013; 3(1): 27-34
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/njppp.2013.3.27000
    Cited : 5 times [Click to see citing articles]

  • Prevalence and risk factors for eating disorders in Indian adolescent females
    Amit A Upadhyah, Rajesh Misra, Deepak N Parchwani, Pankaj B Maheria
    Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2014; 4(2): 153-157
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/njppp.2014.4.041220131
    Cited : 5 times [Click to see citing articles]

  • Ratio of second to fourth digit as a predictor of performance in elite Indian volley ball players
    Kaninika Panda, Pralay Majumdar, Veena Umesh, HH Sudhakar
    Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2014; 4(2): 106-108
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/njppp.2014.4.011020132
    Cited : 5 times [Click to see citing articles]

  • Hesperidin protects against diethylnitrosamine-induced nephrotoxicity through modulation of oxidative stress and inflammation
    Rasha R Ahmed, Ayman M Mahmoud, Mohamed B Ashour, Amira M Kamel
    Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2015; 5(5): 391-397
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/njppp.2015.5.2907201567
    Cited : 5 times [Click to see citing articles]

  • Newer anti-platelet and anti-thrombotic drugs on the horizon
    Ajai Garg, Anjana Pandey, Pranab Oza, Mridul Chaturvedi
    Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2013; 3(2): 105-110
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/njppp.2013.3.090420131
    Cited : 5 times [Click to see citing articles]

  • Rate pressure product predicts cardiovascular risk in type 2 diabetics with cardiac autonomic neuropathy
    Rishu Segan, Vidushi Gupta, Lily Walia, Naveen Mittal
    Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2013; 3(1): 43-47
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/njppp.2013.3.43-47
    Cited : 4 times [Click to see citing articles]