E-ISSN 2231-3206 | ISSN 2320-4672
 

Original Research 


A cross-sectional study on the knowledge, attitude, and practices of pharmacovigilance among health-care professionals at a tertiary care teaching hospital

Anuradha C R, Komathi J, Subashree A.

Abstract
Background: Adverse drug reactions (ADRs) are significantly underreported and pose a major problem of concern globally. Pharmacovigilance programs are mandatory to detect and prevent ADR. It is important for every health-care professional to know the importance of ADR reporting.

Aim and Objective: This study aims to assess the knowledge, attitude, and practices (KAPs) toward pharmacovigilance and ADRs reporting among health-care professionals at a tertiary level teaching hospital.

Materials and Methods: A cross-sectional questionnaire-based observational study was carried out on health-care professionals after getting approval from the Institutional Ethics Committee. The KAP questionnaire toward pharmacovigilance was adapted from the previous studies and consisted of 21 questions in total.

Results: A total number of 150 health-care professionals participated and completed the questionnaire. The responses were analyzed using descriptive statistics. A total of 92.67% health-care professionals agreed that reporting of ADR is necessary. About 96% had a difficulty in reporting ADR of which most of them (75%) did not know where to report. There was a huge gap between the ADR encountered (83.3%) and ADR reported (4.7%) by health-care professionals.

Conclusion: Majority of the health-care professionals had an above average knowledge and a positive attitude toward the need for ADR reporting. In spite of that, the reporting rate of ADRs by them is very low. This emphasizes the need for a periodical, intense and continuous training programs, and workshops on pharmacovigilance for health-care professionals which will definitely play an important role in improving pharmacovigilance activities in our hospital.

Key words: Adverse Drug Reactions; Knowledge; Attitude; Practice; Pharmacovigilance


 
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Pubmed Style

R AC, J K, A S. A cross-sectional study on the knowledge, attitude, and practices of pharmacovigilance among health-care professionals at a tertiary care teaching hospital. doi:10.5455/njppp.2020.10.07174202012072020


Web Style

R AC, J K, A S. A cross-sectional study on the knowledge, attitude, and practices of pharmacovigilance among health-care professionals at a tertiary care teaching hospital. http://www.njppp.com/?mno=15379 [Access: July 24, 2020]. doi:10.5455/njppp.2020.10.07174202012072020


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

R AC, J K, A S. A cross-sectional study on the knowledge, attitude, and practices of pharmacovigilance among health-care professionals at a tertiary care teaching hospital. doi:10.5455/njppp.2020.10.07174202012072020



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

R AC, J K, A S. A cross-sectional study on the knowledge, attitude, and practices of pharmacovigilance among health-care professionals at a tertiary care teaching hospital. doi:10.5455/njppp.2020.10.07174202012072020



Harvard Style

R, A. C., J, . K. & A, . S. (2020) A cross-sectional study on the knowledge, attitude, and practices of pharmacovigilance among health-care professionals at a tertiary care teaching hospital. doi:10.5455/njppp.2020.10.07174202012072020



Turabian Style

R, Anuradha C, Komathi J, and Subashree A. 2020. A cross-sectional study on the knowledge, attitude, and practices of pharmacovigilance among health-care professionals at a tertiary care teaching hospital. doi:10.5455/njppp.2020.10.07174202012072020



Chicago Style

R, Anuradha C, Komathi J, and Subashree A. "A cross-sectional study on the knowledge, attitude, and practices of pharmacovigilance among health-care professionals at a tertiary care teaching hospital." doi:10.5455/njppp.2020.10.07174202012072020



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

R, Anuradha C, Komathi J, and Subashree A. "A cross-sectional study on the knowledge, attitude, and practices of pharmacovigilance among health-care professionals at a tertiary care teaching hospital." doi:10.5455/njppp.2020.10.07174202012072020



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

R, A. C., J, . K. & A, . S. (2020) A cross-sectional study on the knowledge, attitude, and practices of pharmacovigilance among health-care professionals at a tertiary care teaching hospital. doi:10.5455/njppp.2020.10.07174202012072020