E-ISSN 2231-3206 | ISSN 2320-4672
 

Original Research 


Comparative study of simple auditory reaction time between congenitally total blind people and normally sighted controls

Trushika S Patel, Anju S Mehta, Nilay Patel, Nayan Mali.

Abstract
Background: Time interval between the application of a stimulus and the appearance of appropriate voluntary response by a subject is known as reaction time. Three responses are involving in this. They are stimulus processing, decision-making, and response programming. Recently, sports physiology is the main field which uses reaction time. A practical implication of reaction time has great implication and may be of great consequence, for example, a slower reaction time in driving might have grave results.

Aims and Objectives: The aims and objectives of this were to compare the speed of the central nervous system and coordination between motor and sensory systems in congenitally total blind people and visually normal subjects using simple auditory reaction time.

Materials and Methods: A total of 25 cases of congenitally total blind people and 25 normal sighted individual were compared for the simple auditory reaction time at Andhajan Mandal, Vastrapur, Ahmedabad, and B J Medical College, Ahmedabad.

Results: Mean auditory reaction time and shortest auditory reaction time are decreased in congenitally total blind people as compared to same-aged normal-sighted controls.

Conclusion: Simple auditory reaction time is decreased in congenitally total blind people as compared to normal-sighted people. Training with auditory cues plays an important role in this condition.

Key words: Simple Auditory Reaction Time; Congenitally Total Blind; Cross Modal Neuroplasticity


 
ARTICLE TOOLS
Abstract
PDF Fulltext
Print this article Print this Article
How to cite this articleHow to cite this article
Citation Tools
Related Records
 Articles by Trushika S Patel
Articles by Anju S Mehta
Articles by Nilay Patel
Articles by Nayan Mali
on Google
on Google Scholar
Article Statistics
 Viewed: 61
Downloaded:
Cited: 0

How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

Patel TS, Mehta AS, Patel N, Mali N. Comparative study of simple auditory reaction time between congenitally total blind people and normally sighted controls. Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2018; 8(12): 1697-1699. doi:10.5455/njppp.2018.8.1032402112018


Web Style

Patel TS, Mehta AS, Patel N, Mali N. Comparative study of simple auditory reaction time between congenitally total blind people and normally sighted controls. http://www.njppp.com/?mno=14543 [Access: December 13, 2018]. doi:10.5455/njppp.2018.8.1032402112018


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Patel TS, Mehta AS, Patel N, Mali N. Comparative study of simple auditory reaction time between congenitally total blind people and normally sighted controls. Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2018; 8(12): 1697-1699. doi:10.5455/njppp.2018.8.1032402112018



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Patel TS, Mehta AS, Patel N, Mali N. Comparative study of simple auditory reaction time between congenitally total blind people and normally sighted controls. Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. (2018), [cited December 13, 2018]; 8(12): 1697-1699. doi:10.5455/njppp.2018.8.1032402112018



Harvard Style

Patel, T. S., Mehta, . A. S., Patel, . N. & Mali, . N. (2018) Comparative study of simple auditory reaction time between congenitally total blind people and normally sighted controls. Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol, 8 (12), 1697-1699. doi:10.5455/njppp.2018.8.1032402112018



Turabian Style

Patel, Trushika S, Anju S Mehta, Nilay Patel, and Nayan Mali. 2018. Comparative study of simple auditory reaction time between congenitally total blind people and normally sighted controls. National Journal of Physiology, Pharmacy and Pharmacology, 8 (12), 1697-1699. doi:10.5455/njppp.2018.8.1032402112018



Chicago Style

Patel, Trushika S, Anju S Mehta, Nilay Patel, and Nayan Mali. "Comparative study of simple auditory reaction time between congenitally total blind people and normally sighted controls." National Journal of Physiology, Pharmacy and Pharmacology 8 (2018), 1697-1699. doi:10.5455/njppp.2018.8.1032402112018



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Patel, Trushika S, Anju S Mehta, Nilay Patel, and Nayan Mali. "Comparative study of simple auditory reaction time between congenitally total blind people and normally sighted controls." National Journal of Physiology, Pharmacy and Pharmacology 8.12 (2018), 1697-1699. Print. doi:10.5455/njppp.2018.8.1032402112018



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Patel, T. S., Mehta, . A. S., Patel, . N. & Mali, . N. (2018) Comparative study of simple auditory reaction time between congenitally total blind people and normally sighted controls. National Journal of Physiology, Pharmacy and Pharmacology, 8 (12), 1697-1699. doi:10.5455/njppp.2018.8.1032402112018





Most Viewed Articles
  • Applications of computer science in Pharmacy: An overview
    Shivraj Popat Jadhav, Komal Nikam, Anand Gandhi, Kishor Salunkhe, Narendra Shinde.
    Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2012; 2(1): 1-9
    » Abstract

  • How to calculate sample size in animal studies?
    Hitesh Shah
    Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2011; 1(1): 35-39
    » Abstract

  • Chlorhexidine:The gold standard in chemical plaque control [English]
    Setu mathur, Tanu mathur,Rahul shrivastava, Rohit khatri
    Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2011; 1(2): 45-50
    » Abstract

  • Assessment of Nutritional Status of Pregnant Women Attending the City Tebessa PMI (Algeria) [English]
    Taleb Salima, Kaibi Mounira, Deghboudj Nadjia
    Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2011; 1(2): 97-105
    » Abstract

  • Difference in pulmonary function test among the athletic and sedentary population
    ShobhaRani Vedala, Niranjan Paul, Abhay B Mane
    Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2013; 3(2): 118-123
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/njppp.2013.3.109-114

  • Analyzing Pharmaceutical Industry [English]
    Veselin Tima Dickov, Dragan Mitrovic, Boris Milan Kuzman
    Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2011; 1(1): 1-8
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/njppp.2011.1.1-8

  • Antidiabetic activity of alcoholic extract of Neem (Azadirachta Indica) root bark
    Prabhakar Patil, Sudha Patil, Abhay Mane, Sushilkumar Verma
    Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2013; 3(2): 142-146
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/njppp.2013.3.134-138

  • Second MBBS medical student’s feedback on teaching methodology and evaluation methods in Pharmacology
    Nilesh Chavda, Preeti Yadav, Jay Karan, N. D. Kantharia
    Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2011; 1(1): 23-31
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/njppp.2011.1.23-31

  • Prophylaxis and Treatment for Leptospirosis: Where are the Evidences?
    Jaykaran Charan, Deepak Saxena, Summaiya Mulla
    Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2012; 2(2): 78-83
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/njppp.2012.2.78-83

  • How to write a thesis? [English]
    Swapnil s Agarwal, Preeti Yadav, Krishnadutt Chavali, Lavlesh Kumar
    Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2011; 1(2): 86-90
    » Abstract

  • Most Downloaded
  • How to calculate sample size in animal studies?
    Hitesh Shah
    Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2011; 1(1): 35-39
    » Abstract

  • Applications of computer science in Pharmacy: An overview
    Shivraj Popat Jadhav, Komal Nikam, Anand Gandhi, Kishor Salunkhe, Narendra Shinde.
    Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2012; 2(1): 1-9
    » Abstract

  • Chlorhexidine:The gold standard in chemical plaque control [English]
    Setu mathur, Tanu mathur,Rahul shrivastava, Rohit khatri
    Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2011; 1(2): 45-50
    » Abstract

  • Difference in pulmonary function test among the athletic and sedentary population
    ShobhaRani Vedala, Niranjan Paul, Abhay B Mane
    Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2013; 3(2): 118-123
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/njppp.2013.3.109-114

  • Prophylaxis and Treatment for Leptospirosis: Where are the Evidences?
    Jaykaran Charan, Deepak Saxena, Summaiya Mulla
    Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2012; 2(2): 78-83
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/njppp.2012.2.78-83

  • Analyzing Pharmaceutical Industry [English]
    Veselin Tima Dickov, Dragan Mitrovic, Boris Milan Kuzman
    Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2011; 1(1): 1-8
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/njppp.2011.1.1-8

  • A study of oxidative stress in gentamicin induced nephrotoxicity and effect of antioxidant vitamin C in Wistar rats.
    Chetankumar R. Acharya, Hetal N. Thakar, S. K. Vajpeyee
    Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2013; 3(1): 14-20
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/njppp.2013.3.14-20

  • Second MBBS medical student’s feedback on teaching methodology and evaluation methods in Pharmacology
    Nilesh Chavda, Preeti Yadav, Jay Karan, N. D. Kantharia
    Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2011; 1(1): 23-31
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/njppp.2011.1.23-31

  • Antidiabetic activity of alcoholic extract of Neem (Azadirachta Indica) root bark
    Prabhakar Patil, Sudha Patil, Abhay Mane, Sushilkumar Verma
    Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2013; 3(2): 142-146
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/njppp.2013.3.134-138

  • Assessment of Nutritional Status of Pregnant Women Attending the City Tebessa PMI (Algeria) [English]
    Taleb Salima, Kaibi Mounira, Deghboudj Nadjia
    Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2011; 1(2): 97-105
    » Abstract

  • Most Cited Articles
  • A study of oxidative stress in gentamicin induced nephrotoxicity and effect of antioxidant vitamin C in Wistar rats.
    Chetankumar R. Acharya, Hetal N. Thakar, S. K. Vajpeyee
    Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2013; 3(1): 14-20
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/njppp.2013.3.14-20
    Cited : 8 times [Click to see citing articles]

  • Quercetin improved spatial memory dysfunctions in rat model of intracerebroventricular streptozotocin-induced sporadic Alzheimer’s disease
    Manouchehr Ashrafpour, Sahar Parsaei, Hamid Sepehri
    Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2015; 5(5): 411-415
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/njppp.2015.5.2308201563
    Cited : 8 times [Click to see citing articles]

  • A pilot study to evaluate the effect of HAART on gonadal dysfunction in male HIV patients
    Abhishek Pathak, Lalit Prashant Meena, Jaya Chakravarty, Madhukar Rai, Shyam Sundar
    Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2015; 5(1): 33-35
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/njppp.2015.5.120720142
    Cited : 6 times [Click to see citing articles]

  • Prevalence and risk factors for eating disorders in Indian adolescent females
    Amit A Upadhyah, Rajesh Misra, Deepak N Parchwani, Pankaj B Maheria
    Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2014; 4(2): 153-157
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/njppp.2014.4.041220131
    Cited : 5 times [Click to see citing articles]

  • Newer anti-platelet and anti-thrombotic drugs on the horizon
    Ajai Garg, Anjana Pandey, Pranab Oza, Mridul Chaturvedi
    Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2013; 3(2): 105-110
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/njppp.2013.3.090420131
    Cited : 5 times [Click to see citing articles]

  • Rate pressure product predicts cardiovascular risk in type 2 diabetics with cardiac autonomic neuropathy
    Rishu Segan, Vidushi Gupta, Lily Walia, Naveen Mittal
    Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2013; 3(1): 43-47
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/njppp.2013.3.43-47
    Cited : 4 times [Click to see citing articles]

  • Effects of sixteen weeks exercise training on left ventricular dimensions and function in young athletes
    Sandip M Hulke, Yuganti P Vaidya, Amandeepkour R Ratta
    Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2012; 2(2): 152-158
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/njppp.2012.2.152-158
    Cited : 4 times [Click to see citing articles]

  • Antidiabetic activity of alcoholic extract of Neem (Azadirachta Indica) root bark
    Prabhakar Patil, Sudha Patil, Abhay Mane, Sushilkumar Verma
    Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2013; 3(2): 142-146
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/njppp.2013.3.134-138
    Cited : 4 times [Click to see citing articles]

  • Difference in pulmonary function test among the athletic and sedentary population
    ShobhaRani Vedala, Niranjan Paul, Abhay B Mane
    Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2013; 3(2): 118-123
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/njppp.2013.3.109-114
    Cited : 4 times [Click to see citing articles]

  • Time domain measures of heart rate variability during acute mental stress in Type 2 diabetics- A case control study
    Anupama Deepak, Deepak A N, Shobha Nallulwar, Vitthal Khode
    Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2014; 4(1): 34-38
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/njppp.2014.4.080720131
    Cited : 4 times [Click to see citing articles]