E-ISSN 2231-3206 | ISSN 2320-4672
 

Original Research 


A study on correlation between Vitamin D and glycated hemoglobin in Type 2 diabetes mellitus patients attending a tertiary care hospital in West Bengal

Vikash Raj, Shashank Kanchan, Richa.

Abstract
Background: Vitamin D is a steroid hormone, responsible for calcium homeostasis. It has shown to affect insulin synthesis, secretion, and action. Diabetes is a non-communicable systemic disease caused by multiple factors cumulatively leading to insulin deficiency and insulin resistance. In this context, there was a research question to know the extent of association between Vitamin D levels and Type 2 diabetes mellitus.

Aim and Objective: The study aims to establish an association between Vitamin D levels and glycosylated hemoglobin (HbA1c) levels in Type 2 diabetes mellitus patients.

Materials and Methods: It was a hospital-based retrospective study done over a period of 3 months at a tertiary care center of West Bengal. The values of fasting blood sugar (FBS), postprandial blood sugar, HbA1c, and Vitamin D level were recorded. Statistical analysis of the data collected was done using SPSS ver. 20.

Results: Out of a total of 148 patients, 74.3% had deficiency, 21.6% insufficiency, and 4.1% had normal levels of Vitamin D. Similarly, 83.1% of the patients had HbA1c level more than and equal to 6.5% and 16.9% had HbA1c levels less than 6.5%. A negative correlation between Vitamin D and FBS levels and HbA1c and Vitamin D was seen.

Conclusion: There is a definite inverse correlation between Vitamin D and HbA1c levels.

Key words: Fasting Blood Sugar; Glycosylated Hemoglobin; Postprandial Blood Sugar; Vitamin D


 
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Pubmed Style

Raj V, Kanchan S, Richa . A study on correlation between Vitamin D and glycated hemoglobin in Type 2 diabetes mellitus patients attending a tertiary care hospital in West Bengal. Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2020; 10(11): 1015-1018. doi:10.5455/njppp.2020.10.09253202025092020


Web Style

Raj V, Kanchan S, Richa . A study on correlation between Vitamin D and glycated hemoglobin in Type 2 diabetes mellitus patients attending a tertiary care hospital in West Bengal. http://www.njppp.com/?mno=137215 [Access: October 31, 2020]. doi:10.5455/njppp.2020.10.09253202025092020


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Raj V, Kanchan S, Richa . A study on correlation between Vitamin D and glycated hemoglobin in Type 2 diabetes mellitus patients attending a tertiary care hospital in West Bengal. Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2020; 10(11): 1015-1018. doi:10.5455/njppp.2020.10.09253202025092020



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Raj V, Kanchan S, Richa . A study on correlation between Vitamin D and glycated hemoglobin in Type 2 diabetes mellitus patients attending a tertiary care hospital in West Bengal. Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. (2020), [cited October 31, 2020]; 10(11): 1015-1018. doi:10.5455/njppp.2020.10.09253202025092020



Harvard Style

Raj, V., Kanchan, . S. & Richa, . (2020) A study on correlation between Vitamin D and glycated hemoglobin in Type 2 diabetes mellitus patients attending a tertiary care hospital in West Bengal. Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol, 10 (11), 1015-1018. doi:10.5455/njppp.2020.10.09253202025092020



Turabian Style

Raj, Vikash, Shashank Kanchan, and Richa. 2020. A study on correlation between Vitamin D and glycated hemoglobin in Type 2 diabetes mellitus patients attending a tertiary care hospital in West Bengal. National Journal of Physiology, Pharmacy and Pharmacology, 10 (11), 1015-1018. doi:10.5455/njppp.2020.10.09253202025092020



Chicago Style

Raj, Vikash, Shashank Kanchan, and Richa. "A study on correlation between Vitamin D and glycated hemoglobin in Type 2 diabetes mellitus patients attending a tertiary care hospital in West Bengal." National Journal of Physiology, Pharmacy and Pharmacology 10 (2020), 1015-1018. doi:10.5455/njppp.2020.10.09253202025092020



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Raj, Vikash, Shashank Kanchan, and Richa. "A study on correlation between Vitamin D and glycated hemoglobin in Type 2 diabetes mellitus patients attending a tertiary care hospital in West Bengal." National Journal of Physiology, Pharmacy and Pharmacology 10.11 (2020), 1015-1018. Print. doi:10.5455/njppp.2020.10.09253202025092020



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Raj, V., Kanchan, . S. & Richa, . (2020) A study on correlation between Vitamin D and glycated hemoglobin in Type 2 diabetes mellitus patients attending a tertiary care hospital in West Bengal. National Journal of Physiology, Pharmacy and Pharmacology, 10 (11), 1015-1018. doi:10.5455/njppp.2020.10.09253202025092020