E-ISSN 2231-3206 | ISSN 2320-4672
 

Original Research 


Cardiovascular reactivity to mental and physical stress in offspring of hypertensive parents

Arijita Banerjee, Mona Bedi, Ved Prakash Varshney.

Abstract
Background: Exaggerated cardiovascular reactivity to stressful stimuli is a risk factor for the development of hypertension. The genetic influence on blood pressure (BP) reactivity to stress and its control mechanisms has been receiving considerable support.

Aim and Objective: The study aims at comparing the reactivity scores of mental arithmetic stress test and cold pressor test (ΔMAST, ΔCPT) in offspring with and without genetic predisposition to hypertension.

Materials and Methods: The study was conducted on 40 medical students with diagnosed hypertensive parents and an equal number of age- and sex-matched healthy controls aged 17–20 years. Each subject was exposed to two different stress tests on 2 successive days. Cardiovascular parameters: BP – systolic BP (SBP) and diastolic BP, pulse rate, pulse pressure, and mean arterial pressure and rate pressure product were calculated before, during. and after the test. The reactivity scores were analyzed using independent t-test or Mann–Whitney test. P <0.05 was considered as statistically significant.

Results: Offspring of hypertensive parents had significantly higher SBP (139.0 ± 1.4 and 120.93 ± 1.6 mmHg) and increased reactivity score to MAST (18.1 ± 0.84 and 14.62 ± 1.4 mmHg), but not to CPT (12.82 ± 0.64 and 11.64 ± 1.32 mmHg) than offspring of normotensive parents.

Conclusion: Our study showed relative exaggerated cardiovascular reactivity to mental stress (MAST) compared to physical stress (CPT).

Key words: Stress Reactivity; Cold Pressor; Mental Stress


 
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Pubmed Style

Banerjee A, Bedi M, Varshney VP. Cardiovascular reactivity to mental and physical stress in offspring of hypertensive parents. Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2021; 11(2): 134-137. doi:10.5455/njppp.2021.11.09247202030092020


Web Style

Banerjee A, Bedi M, Varshney VP. Cardiovascular reactivity to mental and physical stress in offspring of hypertensive parents. http://www.njppp.com/?mno=135743 [Access: February 01, 2021]. doi:10.5455/njppp.2021.11.09247202030092020


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Banerjee A, Bedi M, Varshney VP. Cardiovascular reactivity to mental and physical stress in offspring of hypertensive parents. Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2021; 11(2): 134-137. doi:10.5455/njppp.2021.11.09247202030092020



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Banerjee A, Bedi M, Varshney VP. Cardiovascular reactivity to mental and physical stress in offspring of hypertensive parents. Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. (2021), [cited February 01, 2021]; 11(2): 134-137. doi:10.5455/njppp.2021.11.09247202030092020



Harvard Style

Banerjee, A., Bedi, . M. & Varshney, . V. P. (2021) Cardiovascular reactivity to mental and physical stress in offspring of hypertensive parents. Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol, 11 (2), 134-137. doi:10.5455/njppp.2021.11.09247202030092020



Turabian Style

Banerjee, Arijita, Mona Bedi, and Ved Prakash Varshney. 2021. Cardiovascular reactivity to mental and physical stress in offspring of hypertensive parents. National Journal of Physiology, Pharmacy and Pharmacology, 11 (2), 134-137. doi:10.5455/njppp.2021.11.09247202030092020



Chicago Style

Banerjee, Arijita, Mona Bedi, and Ved Prakash Varshney. "Cardiovascular reactivity to mental and physical stress in offspring of hypertensive parents." National Journal of Physiology, Pharmacy and Pharmacology 11 (2021), 134-137. doi:10.5455/njppp.2021.11.09247202030092020



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Banerjee, Arijita, Mona Bedi, and Ved Prakash Varshney. "Cardiovascular reactivity to mental and physical stress in offspring of hypertensive parents." National Journal of Physiology, Pharmacy and Pharmacology 11.2 (2021), 134-137. Print. doi:10.5455/njppp.2021.11.09247202030092020



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Banerjee, A., Bedi, . M. & Varshney, . V. P. (2021) Cardiovascular reactivity to mental and physical stress in offspring of hypertensive parents. National Journal of Physiology, Pharmacy and Pharmacology, 11 (2), 134-137. doi:10.5455/njppp.2021.11.09247202030092020