E-ISSN 2231-3206 | ISSN 2320-4672
 

Original Research 


Comparison of powerpoint with animation enhanced traditional demonstration and traditional practical demonstration in physiology among first year undergraduate medical students

Sayam Subhash, Delinda Linu Swornila D, Pramod Thomas, Aswathy L, Anusha Merline J, Prasanna Kumari L, Varsha D.

Abstract
Background: Effective teaching learning activity in physiology practical classes increases learning in cognitive and psychomotor domains with an aim to generate a competent medical graduate. Currently, multimedia teaching tools are being widely used and proven to be effective in enhancing the academic performances in theoretical teaching. Our study was aimed to assess the effectiveness of multimedia in practical classes.

Aims and Objectives: The objective of this study is to compare cognitive scores, psychomotor scores, and studentís level of satisfaction and acceptance while undergoing powerpoint (PPT) with animation enhanced traditional demonstration and traditional practical demonstration of hematology practical sessions.

Material and Methods: A prospective cohort study was conducted in 96 1st year MBBS students, attending physiology practical classes, after obtaining permission from the institutional ethical committee. Traditional demonstration (Group A) and PPT with traditional demonstration (Group B) were given in two practical sessions. Immediate, short-term, and long-term theory retention capacity (cognitive scores) was assessed using pre- and posttest scores. Psychomotor scores were assessed using objective structured practical examination (OSPE) scores. Studentís feedback was taken.

Results: Both groups showed an equal increase in their immediate retention capacity. However, Group B showed an insignificant marginal increase in short- and long-term retention capacity. There was a significant increase in short-term psychomotor scores to that of immediate OSPE scores in both groups. However, Group B showed high significant retention capacity (P = 0.007). Studentís feedback revealed traditional method promoted better understanding, whereas PPT with animation gave better clarity, evoked interest, and allowed better 3D view and apparatus identification.

Conclusion: PPT with animation can be used as an adjunct to the traditional hands-on demonstrations to strengthen teaching learning activity in physiology practical classes.

Key words: PowerPoint with Animations; Traditional Demonstration; Physiology Practical Classes


 
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Pubmed Style

Subhash S, D DLS, Thomas P, L A, J AM, L PK, D V. Comparison of powerpoint with animation enhanced traditional demonstration and traditional practical demonstration in physiology among first year undergraduate medical students. Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2018; 8(11): 1481-1484. doi:10.5455/njppp.2018.8.0724128072018


Web Style

Subhash S, D DLS, Thomas P, L A, J AM, L PK, D V. Comparison of powerpoint with animation enhanced traditional demonstration and traditional practical demonstration in physiology among first year undergraduate medical students. http://www.njppp.com/?mno=1286 [Access: November 21, 2018]. doi:10.5455/njppp.2018.8.0724128072018


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Subhash S, D DLS, Thomas P, L A, J AM, L PK, D V. Comparison of powerpoint with animation enhanced traditional demonstration and traditional practical demonstration in physiology among first year undergraduate medical students. Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2018; 8(11): 1481-1484. doi:10.5455/njppp.2018.8.0724128072018



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Subhash S, D DLS, Thomas P, L A, J AM, L PK, D V. Comparison of powerpoint with animation enhanced traditional demonstration and traditional practical demonstration in physiology among first year undergraduate medical students. Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. (2018), [cited November 21, 2018]; 8(11): 1481-1484. doi:10.5455/njppp.2018.8.0724128072018



Harvard Style

Subhash, S., D, . D. L. S., Thomas, . P., L, . A., J, . A. M., L, . P. K. & D, . V. (2018) Comparison of powerpoint with animation enhanced traditional demonstration and traditional practical demonstration in physiology among first year undergraduate medical students. Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol, 8 (11), 1481-1484. doi:10.5455/njppp.2018.8.0724128072018



Turabian Style

Subhash, Sayam, Delinda Linu Swornila D, Pramod Thomas, Aswathy L, Anusha Merline J, Prasanna Kumari L, and Varsha D. 2018. Comparison of powerpoint with animation enhanced traditional demonstration and traditional practical demonstration in physiology among first year undergraduate medical students. National Journal of Physiology, Pharmacy and Pharmacology, 8 (11), 1481-1484. doi:10.5455/njppp.2018.8.0724128072018



Chicago Style

Subhash, Sayam, Delinda Linu Swornila D, Pramod Thomas, Aswathy L, Anusha Merline J, Prasanna Kumari L, and Varsha D. "Comparison of powerpoint with animation enhanced traditional demonstration and traditional practical demonstration in physiology among first year undergraduate medical students." National Journal of Physiology, Pharmacy and Pharmacology 8 (2018), 1481-1484. doi:10.5455/njppp.2018.8.0724128072018



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Subhash, Sayam, Delinda Linu Swornila D, Pramod Thomas, Aswathy L, Anusha Merline J, Prasanna Kumari L, and Varsha D. "Comparison of powerpoint with animation enhanced traditional demonstration and traditional practical demonstration in physiology among first year undergraduate medical students." National Journal of Physiology, Pharmacy and Pharmacology 8.11 (2018), 1481-1484. Print. doi:10.5455/njppp.2018.8.0724128072018



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Subhash, S., D, . D. L. S., Thomas, . P., L, . A., J, . A. M., L, . P. K. & D, . V. (2018) Comparison of powerpoint with animation enhanced traditional demonstration and traditional practical demonstration in physiology among first year undergraduate medical students. National Journal of Physiology, Pharmacy and Pharmacology, 8 (11), 1481-1484. doi:10.5455/njppp.2018.8.0724128072018





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