E-ISSN 2231-3206 | ISSN 2320-4672
 

Original Research 


Is objective structured practical examination a cutting-edge assessment tool over traditional practical examination to prepare future “Indian Medical Graduate?” A study from Department of Pathology at a Government Medical College in West Bengal

Debasis Mukhopadhyay, Sritanu Jana, Sananda Koley, Arindam De, Sanjay Sengupta, Swapan Pathak.

Abstract
Background: With the continuous evolution of medical education, an appropriate assessment method is the need of the hour. Most unavoidable drawback of traditional practical examination (TPE) is its subjectivity, which can be overcome by newer methods such as objective Structured Practical Examination (OSPE). Hence, many studies have been conducted to reevaluate the efficiency of TPE and nowadays assessment of undergraduate students who are going to be Indian Medical Graduate (IMG) always remains the topic of debate.

Aim and Objectives: The aim of our study is to compare OSPE and TPE by obtaining the feedback of examiner and examinee and also by the marks obtained by students.

Materials and Methods: It was an analytical study with longitudinal design. The study was conducted after receiving approval from the Institutional Ethics Committee. Total 140 students were included in the study. In 2nd professional MBBS at third semester, two internal examinations were held in 2019, first one was TPE and the second one was based on OSPE. After the completion of OSPE, students’ and teachers’ opinion were collected by given pre-validated questionnaire.

Results: There were significant (P =< 0.05) difference between mean score in OSPE (17.1) and TPE (14.26) among students. According to students, OSPE reduces examiner’s bias (84.2%), was less stressful than TPE (78.5%) and also fair and objective as compared to TPE (85%). According to teacher’s opinion, OSPE requires more time, demands critical thinking of students (77.7%), more objective and eliminates bias (94.4%), ensures uniformity (64.4%), but they opined that depth of knowledge cannot be assessed by OSPE (83.3%). Most of the students (93.5%) and teachers (77.7%) said that OSPE should be included in Pathology practical examination.

Conclusion: In our study, both teachers and students have given feedback in favor of OSPE as an assessment tool in practical examination of undergraduate medical students. In our opinion, OSPE should be included as an assessment tool in 2nd year undergraduate pathology practical examination to prepare future IMG.

Key words: Objective Structured Practical Examination; Traditional Practical Examination; Indian Medical Graduate; Assessment


 
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How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

Mukhopadhyay D, Jana S, Koley S, De A, Sengupta S, Pathak S. Is objective structured practical examination a cutting-edge assessment tool over traditional practical examination to prepare future “Indian Medical Graduate?” A study from Department of Pathology at a Government Medical College in West Bengal. Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2022; 12(1): 102-106. doi:10.5455/njppp.2022.12.09350202114122021


Web Style

Mukhopadhyay D, Jana S, Koley S, De A, Sengupta S, Pathak S. Is objective structured practical examination a cutting-edge assessment tool over traditional practical examination to prepare future “Indian Medical Graduate?” A study from Department of Pathology at a Government Medical College in West Bengal. https://www.njppp.com/?mno=124847 [Access: May 02, 2022]. doi:10.5455/njppp.2022.12.09350202114122021


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Mukhopadhyay D, Jana S, Koley S, De A, Sengupta S, Pathak S. Is objective structured practical examination a cutting-edge assessment tool over traditional practical examination to prepare future “Indian Medical Graduate?” A study from Department of Pathology at a Government Medical College in West Bengal. Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2022; 12(1): 102-106. doi:10.5455/njppp.2022.12.09350202114122021



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Mukhopadhyay D, Jana S, Koley S, De A, Sengupta S, Pathak S. Is objective structured practical examination a cutting-edge assessment tool over traditional practical examination to prepare future “Indian Medical Graduate?” A study from Department of Pathology at a Government Medical College in West Bengal. Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. (2022), [cited May 02, 2022]; 12(1): 102-106. doi:10.5455/njppp.2022.12.09350202114122021



Harvard Style

Mukhopadhyay, D., Jana, . S., Koley, . S., De, . A., Sengupta, . S. & Pathak, . S. (2022) Is objective structured practical examination a cutting-edge assessment tool over traditional practical examination to prepare future “Indian Medical Graduate?” A study from Department of Pathology at a Government Medical College in West Bengal. Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol, 12 (1), 102-106. doi:10.5455/njppp.2022.12.09350202114122021



Turabian Style

Mukhopadhyay, Debasis, Sritanu Jana, Sananda Koley, Arindam De, Sanjay Sengupta, and Swapan Pathak. 2022. Is objective structured practical examination a cutting-edge assessment tool over traditional practical examination to prepare future “Indian Medical Graduate?” A study from Department of Pathology at a Government Medical College in West Bengal. National Journal of Physiology, Pharmacy and Pharmacology, 12 (1), 102-106. doi:10.5455/njppp.2022.12.09350202114122021



Chicago Style

Mukhopadhyay, Debasis, Sritanu Jana, Sananda Koley, Arindam De, Sanjay Sengupta, and Swapan Pathak. "Is objective structured practical examination a cutting-edge assessment tool over traditional practical examination to prepare future “Indian Medical Graduate?” A study from Department of Pathology at a Government Medical College in West Bengal." National Journal of Physiology, Pharmacy and Pharmacology 12 (2022), 102-106. doi:10.5455/njppp.2022.12.09350202114122021



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Mukhopadhyay, Debasis, Sritanu Jana, Sananda Koley, Arindam De, Sanjay Sengupta, and Swapan Pathak. "Is objective structured practical examination a cutting-edge assessment tool over traditional practical examination to prepare future “Indian Medical Graduate?” A study from Department of Pathology at a Government Medical College in West Bengal." National Journal of Physiology, Pharmacy and Pharmacology 12.1 (2022), 102-106. Print. doi:10.5455/njppp.2022.12.09350202114122021



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Mukhopadhyay, D., Jana, . S., Koley, . S., De, . A., Sengupta, . S. & Pathak, . S. (2022) Is objective structured practical examination a cutting-edge assessment tool over traditional practical examination to prepare future “Indian Medical Graduate?” A study from Department of Pathology at a Government Medical College in West Bengal. National Journal of Physiology, Pharmacy and Pharmacology, 12 (1), 102-106. doi:10.5455/njppp.2022.12.09350202114122021