E-ISSN 2231-3206 | ISSN 2320-4672
 

Original Research 


Visual outcome of traumatic cataract at a tertiary eye care center

Uma Thakur, Manpreet Kaur Taluja, P A Siddique.

Abstract
Background: Traumatic cataracts account for a large proportion of visual disability and blindness in the general population, especially in developing countries. It is associated with various ocular injuries.

Aim and Objective: The aim of the study was to evaluate the visual outcome of patients with traumatic cataracts.

Material and methods: A prospective study was done in the Department of Ophthalmology in Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose Medical College, Jabalpur (Madhya Pradesh). Materials and Methods: A total of 124 patients diagnosed as a case of traumatic cataract were subjected to a detailed history, systemic, and local examination with relevant investigations. Medical or surgical managements were done accordingly. Patients were subsequently followed up.

Results: About 53.22% of patients sustained penetrating trauma while 41.93% got the blunt injury and 4.83% perforating injury. Out of total, 79.03% of patients were males, while 20.96% were females. The most common cause of blunt trauma was wooden stick (53.84%), whereas iron wire (31.81% patients) was the most common cause of penetrating injury. About 25% of patients had corneal opacity as associated ocular morbidity. About 54.83% of patients adopted small-incision cataract surgery with posterior chamber intraocular lens (IOL) procedure for traumatic cataract surgery. About 39.51% of patients had attained final best-corrected visual acuity (VA) of 6/96/18, and 32.25% patients of 6/246/60, while 28.22% of patients had vision <6/60. The interval between trauma and surgery was <1 month among 37.90% of patients. After 6 months of surgery, 33.8% of patients had VA of >6/18.

Conclusion: Traumatic cataracts are frequently associated with ocular trauma. Information on the causes of these injuries and education, as well as early prevention measures, is of crucial importance. An IOL implantation in traumatic cataract enables most of the patients to achieve the satisfactory and useful vision.

Key words: Traumatic Cataract; Visual Outcome; Tertiary Care Unit


 
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Pubmed Style

Thakur U, Taluja MK, Siddique PA. Visual outcome of traumatic cataract at a tertiary eye care center. Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2020; 10(11): 991-996. doi:10.5455/njppp.2020.10.07197202024072020


Web Style

Thakur U, Taluja MK, Siddique PA. Visual outcome of traumatic cataract at a tertiary eye care center. http://www.njppp.com/?mno=107852 [Access: October 31, 2020]. doi:10.5455/njppp.2020.10.07197202024072020


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Thakur U, Taluja MK, Siddique PA. Visual outcome of traumatic cataract at a tertiary eye care center. Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2020; 10(11): 991-996. doi:10.5455/njppp.2020.10.07197202024072020



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Thakur U, Taluja MK, Siddique PA. Visual outcome of traumatic cataract at a tertiary eye care center. Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. (2020), [cited October 31, 2020]; 10(11): 991-996. doi:10.5455/njppp.2020.10.07197202024072020



Harvard Style

Thakur, U., Taluja, . M. K. & Siddique, . P. A. (2020) Visual outcome of traumatic cataract at a tertiary eye care center. Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol, 10 (11), 991-996. doi:10.5455/njppp.2020.10.07197202024072020



Turabian Style

Thakur, Uma, Manpreet Kaur Taluja, and P A Siddique. 2020. Visual outcome of traumatic cataract at a tertiary eye care center. National Journal of Physiology, Pharmacy and Pharmacology, 10 (11), 991-996. doi:10.5455/njppp.2020.10.07197202024072020



Chicago Style

Thakur, Uma, Manpreet Kaur Taluja, and P A Siddique. "Visual outcome of traumatic cataract at a tertiary eye care center." National Journal of Physiology, Pharmacy and Pharmacology 10 (2020), 991-996. doi:10.5455/njppp.2020.10.07197202024072020



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Thakur, Uma, Manpreet Kaur Taluja, and P A Siddique. "Visual outcome of traumatic cataract at a tertiary eye care center." National Journal of Physiology, Pharmacy and Pharmacology 10.11 (2020), 991-996. Print. doi:10.5455/njppp.2020.10.07197202024072020



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Thakur, U., Taluja, . M. K. & Siddique, . P. A. (2020) Visual outcome of traumatic cataract at a tertiary eye care center. National Journal of Physiology, Pharmacy and Pharmacology, 10 (11), 991-996. doi:10.5455/njppp.2020.10.07197202024072020