E-ISSN 2231-3206 | ISSN 2320-4672
 

Original Research 


Effect of regular exercise training on heart rate variability parameters: A cross-sectional study

Dinesh J Parmar, Mukesh Dinkar, Himanshu Chauhan, Ravindra Ninama, Balaji Ghugare, Sadiya Campvala.

Abstract
Backgrounds: Sedentary lifestyle has given rise to a huge problem of lifestyle diseases which are affecting our day-to-day living and work. Exercises alter cardiac autonomic functions of the body. Heart rate variability (HRV) also has prognostic significance for cardiovascular diseases.

Aim and Objective: The aim of this study is to compare pulse, blood pressure (BP), and HRV parameters among regular exercise group and sedentary groups.

Materials and Methods: The study was conducted on 50 healthy medical students of age 1923 years with permission from the Institutional Human Ethics committee. Subjects were divided into two groups. Group I consists of 25 apparently healthy subjects who have regularly run/walk/swimming for at least the past 6 months. Regular practice was defined as run/walk/swimming in 150 min in a week and Group II consists of 25 apparently healthy individuals of sedentary lifestyle who carried out only their daily chores and did not do any form of extra physical exercise to improve their physical fitness. This non-exercise regimen was continued for 6 months. Pulse, BP, and HRV parameters among both groups compared.

Results: Resting heart rate, systolic BP, and diastolic BP were significantly lower in exercise groups than non-exercise groups. There were insignificantly higher low-frequency (LF) (normalized unit [nu]) and LF/high-frequency (HF) ratio in non-exercise group compared to exercise groups. There was insignificantly higher HF (nu) in exercise group compared to non-exercise groups.

Conclusion: HRV also has prognostic significance for cardiovascular diseases. Our finding suggestive of parasympathetic dominance in regular exercise group compared to sedentary group. Regular exercise regime has many advantages and helps also to prevent from lifestyle diseases.

Key words: Heart Rate Variability; Exercise; Sedentary Lifestyle


 
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How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

Parmar DJ, Dinkar M, Chauhan H, Ninama R, Ghugare B, Campvala S. Effect of regular exercise training on heart rate variability parameters: A cross-sectional study. Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2020; 10(9): 731-734. doi:10.5455/njppp.2020.10.05126202023052020


Web Style

Parmar DJ, Dinkar M, Chauhan H, Ninama R, Ghugare B, Campvala S. Effect of regular exercise training on heart rate variability parameters: A cross-sectional study. http://www.njppp.com/?mno=107100 [Access: October 01, 2020]. doi:10.5455/njppp.2020.10.05126202023052020


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Parmar DJ, Dinkar M, Chauhan H, Ninama R, Ghugare B, Campvala S. Effect of regular exercise training on heart rate variability parameters: A cross-sectional study. Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2020; 10(9): 731-734. doi:10.5455/njppp.2020.10.05126202023052020



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Parmar DJ, Dinkar M, Chauhan H, Ninama R, Ghugare B, Campvala S. Effect of regular exercise training on heart rate variability parameters: A cross-sectional study. Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. (2020), [cited October 01, 2020]; 10(9): 731-734. doi:10.5455/njppp.2020.10.05126202023052020



Harvard Style

Parmar, D. J., Dinkar, . M., Chauhan, . H., Ninama, . R., Ghugare, . B. & Campvala, . S. (2020) Effect of regular exercise training on heart rate variability parameters: A cross-sectional study. Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol, 10 (9), 731-734. doi:10.5455/njppp.2020.10.05126202023052020



Turabian Style

Parmar, Dinesh J, Mukesh Dinkar, Himanshu Chauhan, Ravindra Ninama, Balaji Ghugare, and Sadiya Campvala. 2020. Effect of regular exercise training on heart rate variability parameters: A cross-sectional study. National Journal of Physiology, Pharmacy and Pharmacology, 10 (9), 731-734. doi:10.5455/njppp.2020.10.05126202023052020



Chicago Style

Parmar, Dinesh J, Mukesh Dinkar, Himanshu Chauhan, Ravindra Ninama, Balaji Ghugare, and Sadiya Campvala. "Effect of regular exercise training on heart rate variability parameters: A cross-sectional study." National Journal of Physiology, Pharmacy and Pharmacology 10 (2020), 731-734. doi:10.5455/njppp.2020.10.05126202023052020



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Parmar, Dinesh J, Mukesh Dinkar, Himanshu Chauhan, Ravindra Ninama, Balaji Ghugare, and Sadiya Campvala. "Effect of regular exercise training on heart rate variability parameters: A cross-sectional study." National Journal of Physiology, Pharmacy and Pharmacology 10.9 (2020), 731-734. Print. doi:10.5455/njppp.2020.10.05126202023052020



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Parmar, D. J., Dinkar, . M., Chauhan, . H., Ninama, . R., Ghugare, . B. & Campvala, . S. (2020) Effect of regular exercise training on heart rate variability parameters: A cross-sectional study. National Journal of Physiology, Pharmacy and Pharmacology, 10 (9), 731-734. doi:10.5455/njppp.2020.10.05126202023052020