E-ISSN 2231-3206 | ISSN 2320-4672
 

Original Research 


Effect of obesity on pulmonary function test in adolescent boys

Ranjana Shingne, Akshay Berad, Balaji Ghugare.

Abstract
Background: Obesity is an emerging problem, especially among adolescents due to their lifestyle changes related to the low level of physical activity and high-calorie diet. Excess adipose tissue is often associated with respiratory abnormalities such as a reduction in lung volumes, capacities, and expiratory flow rates. Hence, there is a need to find the pulmonary functions test values among obese adolescents and create awareness of the drawbacks of obesity as this is the high-risk period for the onset of obesity which predicts body mass index in adulthood.

Aims and Objectives: The aims of the study were to study the effect of obesity on pulmonary function test (PFT) values in adolescent boys.

Material and Methods: PFT was done on 10 obese and 10 nonobese adolescent boys of the age group 1217 years from Dr. Ulas Patil English Medium School, Bhusawal. Forced vital capacity (FVC), forced expiratory volume at 1st s (FEV1), (FEV1/FVC) ratio, and maximum voluntary ventilation (MVV) were taken as parameters for study.

Results: FVC, FEV1, FEV1/FVC, and MVV are reduced in obese subjects as compared to nonobese boys and it is statistically highly significant.

Conclusion: Results of the study conclude that obesity affects the pulmonary functions and obese adolescents have significantly lower pulmonary functions.

Key words: Obesity; Adolescents; Pulmonary Function Test; Boys


 
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Pubmed Style

Shingne R, Berad A, Ghugare B. Effect of obesity on pulmonary function test in adolescent boys. doi:10.5455/njppp.2020.10.04098202022042020


Web Style

Shingne R, Berad A, Ghugare B. Effect of obesity on pulmonary function test in adolescent boys. http://www.njppp.com/?mno=100888 [Access: April 29, 2020]. doi:10.5455/njppp.2020.10.04098202022042020


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Shingne R, Berad A, Ghugare B. Effect of obesity on pulmonary function test in adolescent boys. doi:10.5455/njppp.2020.10.04098202022042020



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Shingne R, Berad A, Ghugare B. Effect of obesity on pulmonary function test in adolescent boys. doi:10.5455/njppp.2020.10.04098202022042020



Harvard Style

Shingne, R., Berad, . A. & Ghugare, . B. (2020) Effect of obesity on pulmonary function test in adolescent boys. doi:10.5455/njppp.2020.10.04098202022042020



Turabian Style

Shingne, Ranjana, Akshay Berad, and Balaji Ghugare. 2020. Effect of obesity on pulmonary function test in adolescent boys. doi:10.5455/njppp.2020.10.04098202022042020



Chicago Style

Shingne, Ranjana, Akshay Berad, and Balaji Ghugare. "Effect of obesity on pulmonary function test in adolescent boys." doi:10.5455/njppp.2020.10.04098202022042020



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Shingne, Ranjana, Akshay Berad, and Balaji Ghugare. "Effect of obesity on pulmonary function test in adolescent boys." doi:10.5455/njppp.2020.10.04098202022042020



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Shingne, R., Berad, . A. & Ghugare, . B. (2020) Effect of obesity on pulmonary function test in adolescent boys. doi:10.5455/njppp.2020.10.04098202022042020